Sunday, 28 October 2012

TT39 Puimre or Puyemra

I just had a guest who really wanted to see the tomb of Puimre TT39 because of its connection with papyrus. This tomb is closed and undergoing restoration but we did locate it for him and get some photos of the outside. I do like it when guests give me challenges like this.  

It is being worked on by a Mexican team and and you can read why it is important in this extract from the Mexican proposal

"The TT39 is comprised of one portic that used to be covered, with two entrances, one is the original and a second one for the reuse built afterward. Inside the tomb we can find an antechamber and three chapels, the north chapel that used to have a false door of red granite that is currently displayed at the El Cairo Museum, the Central Chapel which is believed to be a funerary temple and the South Chapel that has representations of the valley festival.

PUIMRÉ [1]  Second prophet of Amün. Temp. Hatshepsut and Tuthmes III. Khôkha.

Parents: Puia and Neferi'a. Wives: Taneferet and Senseneb.
Reasons for the Selection of the TT39:

The reasons why we consider of interest to work in the restoration and consolidation of the TT39 based on a preliminary analysis performed by the our team includes:

The importance of PUYEMRA, second prophet of Amon during the kingdom of queen Hatshepsut and Tuthmes III. We believe that a thorough analysis on this tomb may provide additional and valuable information on a very interesting and important period in the history of Egypt.

All the family members of the prophet in the tomb held nobles and religious titles which are of great interest for the analysis.
  •  The fact the iconography found at TT39 establishes the possibility that it might be a funerary temple and not only a tomb.
  •  The fact that the location where the TT39 is located facilitates the work and opens the possibility to provide access to the public in general.
 Some other unique characteristics located at TT39 such as:
  • - It is the last time that a one category of the Muu dancer is pictured in a tomb.
  • - There are pictures of industrial activities production of jewelry.
  • - There is figure of a cat with the name Nedjem. In the ancient Egyptians' name for all cats, wild or domestic, was miu, meaning literally "he who mews”. Individual cats were not named.
  • - Besides being the second prophet of Amon, responsible for the gold work shops He was also an architect, who participated in the construction of the funerary temple of queen Hatshepsut in Deir-El-Bahari.
  • - It is the only place where you can find a description of the production process for the papyr."
It was also mentioned in a Mummification Museum lecture on TT12 as an example of a tomb with a large courtyard in front. The courtyard is huge as the photos show.

You can read more in the following books, mentioned on the (thanks to Ken Griffin)
(Jpw-m-=R', Pwj-m-R’, Ipuemre) Reign of Thutmosis III [Hatshepsut/Thutmosis III (Kampp)]; Khokha. Map IV, D-5, d, 7.

Davies, N. de Garis.  The Tomb of Puyemré at Thebes. 2 vols. New York: MMA, 1923.

Gardiner, Alan H. and A. E. P. Weigall.  A Topographical Catalogue of the Private Tombs of Thebes.  London: Quaritch, 1913; repr. on microfiche, Leiden: IDC, 1992: 172.

Kampp, Friederike.  Die thebanische Nekropole. Zum Wandel des Grabgedankens von der XVIII. bis zur XX. Dynastie (= Theben, 13).  2 vols.  Mainz am Rhein: Verlag Philipp von Zabern, 1996. Pp. 230-233, figs.130-132, fig. 553 (p. 653).

Porter, Bertha and Rosalind Moss.  Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Text, Reliefs, and Paintings. I, 1. The Theban Necropolis: Private Tombs.  Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1960.  Pp. 71-75.

Wasmuth, Melanie.  Innovation und Extravaganzen: Ein Beitrag zur Architektur des thebanischen Beamtengräber der 18. Dynastie (= BAR International Series, 1165).  Oxford: British Archaeological Reports, 2003.  P. 83.
According to the Mexican proposal the plan is to open the tomb. it would be good to combine it with Kheruef and put Pabasa and Ankhor together. Making a more logical grouping of the time periods.

While I was there I didn't see any guardians but that is unusual, they would normally follow you round and expect a little baksheesh. These particular guardians don't see many tourists so please be generous.

My guest was interested in the tomb because it is reputed to be the place where the papyrus, the Book of Abraham came from. This is a controversial Mormon scripture.

If you want to go there you can either walk south from Pabasa and then east along the dirt road.

Or get your driver to turn left(south) at this alabaster factory on to the dirt road just before Hatshepsuts temple and then turn right(west) .

It is between these two landmarks .

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