Thursday, 11 April 2013

4th dynasty papyrus found

Picked up on EEF and so important I had to share even though it is not Luxor

* Press release of the Ministry of State for Antiquities Affairs

"Dr. Mohammed Ibrahim, the Minister of State for Antiquities Affaires declared the discovery of one of the most ancient ports in history that date to King "Khufu" at "Wadi el- Jarf" Area, The Red Sea Shore, exactly 180 km. south Suez, Suez- Zafarana Road. 4o hieroglyphic papyri that register the Egyptian everyday life details were also discovered and most of them date to the 27th year of the reign of King Khufu.
Dr. Ibrahim declares that the port that was discovered by the Franco-Egyptian archaeological team working in the Suez Archaeological Area. This port is considered one of the most important ports in Ancient Egypt because it was used to transport copper and other minerals from Sinai to the Valley. The Minister pointed out that the mission also succeeded in discovering a group of stone anchors that were marked with ropes used to tie the ships inside the port.
The Antiquities Minister added that the discovered papyri are considered the oldest written papyri ever found in Egypt declaring the importance of the discovery of such papyri due to the information of everyday life that they reflect, it includes monthly reports that register the number of the port workers and the most important details of their lives. He also added that the papyri were transformed to the Suez Museum immediately after their discovery for study and registration.
The Director of the mission, Pierre Tallet declared that it is important to study the information in those papyri carefully because they will present plenty informations about this period. They also reflect the life of the ancient Egyptians, their rights and duties to get to know the details and nature of the ancient Egyptian life.
On the other hand, Mr. Adel Hussein, head of the Ancient Egyptian Sector said that the mission also succeeded in  discovering the remains of houses for workers at that time. This expresses the commercial importance of this place whether through land or sea. 30 caves were also discovered in addition to stone blocks that were used to close those caves that carry the inscriptions of King Khufu inside a cartouch, in red ink. Finally a group of stone tools used for cutting ropes and some wooden remains and ropes were also discovered."

Photos provided by the MSAA:

1 comment:

Garry Matheny said...

There are some things that need to be asked on the port site of Wadi Jarf.
1) Sir Wilkinson who found this site in 1823 (Royal Geographical Society, 1832, pp 33-34) said the jars found in the 30 galleries were used for the ashes of cremated remains! And he called the galleries “catacombs”, why do they not mention of this? (Wilkinson thought the Greeks, who sometimes cremated, did this but there were no ancient Greek or Roman town within 60 miles of this site.)
2) Sir Wilkinson was a respect British archeologist and he certainly would have known what “ashes” were which he said were inside the jars. However they said the jars were for "water and food" for the port, but did they find any water or food in these jars, why did they not gave evidence for this? And why store this "5 kilometers" away from the port?
3) There was no explanation for why "large blocks" were used to seal the entrances to these caves when they were supposed to be for "temporary" storage?
4) They said the date from the jars was from the 4th Dynasty, but again they gave no evidence for this, why?
5) They gave no date for the wood and cloth found at the site, why not? They could have used Carbon 14 for these, this should have been the easiest and most accurate.
Those who have done this work at Wadi Jarf may be right about some of their findings, but it leaves some question marks as to why they do not address the findings of Sir Wilkinson, or do what is normal (C14 testing) of such discoveries.