Thursday, 25 June 2009
Saving the West Bank temples in Luxor
Good news about the problems of the rising of the water table and destruction of the monuments. The problems is that with the building of the Aswan Dam water is now available to the farmer all year round. The temples were built taking into account they would be flooded 3 months of the year and bone dry for the other 9 months. The farmer would have one crop a year, he would sow his seed as the waters of the inundation receded and the yearly crop would grow and be harvested.
Now water is available all year round. The farmer flood irrigates his field and can crop 2 to 3 times a year. This has risen the water table and the temple foundations how sit in water all year round. This is decaying the stone and sand stone becomes sand again. Restoration work at Medinet Habu and Seti I temple done recently is already affected and the original temples are in a dangerous and hazardous situation.
At Karnak and Luxor temple they have surrounded the temples by huge pipes allowing the water inside the circle to be drained away and pumped into the Nile. This has been very successful reducing the water table inside the circle and the temples have not been destabilised, they were monitored for cracks and tilts.
Now it is the West Banks turn, I understand the proposal is to have a pipe going along the West Bank parallel to the Nile from Seti temple at Gurna to Medinet Habu. This pipe would be between the cultivation and the temples. The other side of the temples is the desert.
Work has now started, these photos show the construction at the Ramasseum and Medinet Habu. Hopefully this will save the temples.